Cyber attack. Mobile phone in female hands with screen showing compromised virus infected device.

How Cyber Attacks Compromise Your Network

It's not a secret that network security is failing under attack from hackers. Traditional security solutions just can't keep up.

Who are the attackers?

Various actors are involved in cyber attacks, ranging from a nation-state adversary, the most advanced threat actors, hacktivists, the occasional terrorist, rogue hackers and sadly, upset employees.


Who is the target?

Any person on the other end of the call or e-mail is a potential target. Even if they are not the intended victim, they may be instrumental to achieving the objectives of the attacker. They may have information that the attacker wants, or be in a position that provides access to the attack. Targeting has evolved into identifying business leaders and key personnel. This includes personal targets as well as customer lists, or databases.


What is the impact of cyber attacks?

Most everyone who works for a business, no matter its size, is touched by an attack. Whether it is a malware infection on a mobile device, or a major data breach in a company’s data, everyone is affected. Even employees at the top of the company might not know that they are being targeted for disruption, making cyber attacks a continuing business risk.

Perhaps the biggest concern is the ongoing threat of ransomware. Ransomware is malicious software that often encrypts files, preventing a victim from accessing the information. It is often tied to a scheme to demand payment for the software’s release. When ransomware takes over a computer, a person, or even company, ransomware can have a lasting impact.


How does a cyber attack happen?

Attacks can spread in many ways. Here are the three most common steps attackers use to do their damage:

Step 1 – Reconnaissance

The attacker looks for opportunities to gain entry to the network. To do this, an attacker gathers as much information as they can on an organization’s network and assets.

Step 2 – Targeting

The attacker will use tools to create a spear phishing email, spoof a domain, or obtain information from the attacker infrastructure to create an exploit. For example, the attacker will send a spear phishing email to the employee in the path to access the information on the network. As the user clicks on the link, they become an entry point for the attacker. A malicious site will download malware or a backdoor to the endpoint.

Step 3 – Collection

Once in the network, the attacker can execute attacks designed to make system internals appear to be normal. They can use exploits to execute code and extract the data they need. An attacker can quickly gather valuable data or quietly wait and gather data over time.

Step 5 – Exploit The Data

The data from a single attack may or may not be enough to make a difference, but breaches from thousands of attacks on different websites provide hackers with the data they need to exploit the information.


More about cyber security

Remediation Services

Cocoon’s cybersecurity remediation involves identifying and mitigating security threats that have impacted your business and limiting the damage caused by a breach.

Remediation is needed when the impacts of your security breach cause your business to no longer comply with certification or insurance requirements, and an expert third-party audit is required to help you become compliant again. It is also helpful when you need to notify your customers about the breach, and having a third-party can help you retain their confidence.

Cyber Security Framework Development

Cocoon builds cybersecurity frameworks using a combination of strategy, policy-driven best practices, security awareness training and software tools.

The framework identifies business areas most at risk for data breaches and other compromising cyber-crime activity. Then uses policies, training and tools to reduce and mitigate potential exposures.

Cyber Security Framework Development

Cocoon’s compliance monitoring uses a series of ongoing quality assurance checks and regular monthly status meetings, and further security awareness training to ensure business operations consistently meet the internal process obligations detailed in the cybersecurity framework.

Compliance monitoring is a critical component of any cybersecurity program regardless of whether data protection regulations apply to your organization or not.

Penetration Testing

Penetration testing involves deploying a simulated cyberattack against your organization’s computer systems to check for vulnerabilities and evaluate any related consequences that cybersecurity incidents may have on the resources or operations involved.

Contact Us to Learn More

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